HAWAI'I GAS will bring LNG to Hawai'i in three phases. Phase 1 focuses on using LNG for emergency backup of the existing gas utility distribution system on O'ahu. Phase 1 is expected to start in 2013. Phase 2 will expand the use of LNG to meet existing customer and new customer requirements and is expected to start in 2015. In both Phase 1 and Phase 2 HAWAI'I GAS will use mobile International Organization of Standardization (ISO) containers to ship LNG to Hawaii. In Phase 3, HAWAI'I GAS will bring LNG to Hawai'i in bulk shipments to meet the needs of various industry segments including utility gas customers, power producers and ground and marine transportation providers. Phase 3 is projected to start after 2016.
Phase 1 focuses on emergency backup for the existing utility system on O'ahu. No new facilities are required in Phase 1 since LNG will be delivered using 20 ISO containers which can be transported on conventional ships. The intermodal shipping containers are designed to keep LNG safely in its liquid form during transport. HAWAI'I GAS will use a mobile vaporizer to convert the LNG back into a gas so it can be used in the existing pipeline system.
Phase 2 will use the up to 120 ISO containers to transport LNG from North America to Hawai'i. Starting in 2015, HAWAI'I GAS will expand the use of LNG for existing customers and to meet more customer demand. This phase will utilize small scale LNG storage of 70,000 gallons or less on O'ahu and at least one Neighbor Island.
In Phase 3, LNG will meet the statewide needs of multiple industry segments including utility gas, electricity generation and ground and marine transportation. LNG will come to Hawai'i in bulk shipments requiring the use of a terminal facility to offload, store and vaporize LNG. Once vaporized, natural gas will be distributed through existing and new pipeline infrastructure to serve residential, commercial and industrial locations on O'ahu. Neighbor Islands will receive LNG in ISO containers shipped on existing barges. Phase 3 is projected to start after 2016.